L O A D I N G

Pharmacy Abroad

The word Pharmacy comes from the Greek work Pharmakon, which means “drug” or “medicine.” Pharmacy studies began in pre-history with the use of medicinal plants. The field has come a long way. Today pharmacy includes clinical services; providing drug information; and reviewing, compounding, and dispensing medication.

The education of a pharmacist usually takes four years to complete, depending on the degree being attained. Courses are designed to teach students all aspects of drug therapy in addition to patient care and communication with both patients and healthcare providers. Other education focuses include professional ethics, business management, and concepts of public health. Students of pharmacy not only study within the classroom, but also gain real-world experience working alongside licensed pharmacists in various settings.

The field of pharmacy can be divided into three main disciplines:

  • Pharmaceutics, the process of creating a safe, effective medication from a chemical entity;
  • Medicinal chemistry, the development of pharmaceutical drugs through chemistry and pharmacology
  • Pharmacy practice, the development of pharmacists’ professional roles.

At the end of a student’s education in pharmacy, they must pass a series of examinations in order to earn their professional license and be able to practice.

Students of pharmacy education learn how to dispense medications and also advise on their use to both medical staff and patients. Courses cover planning, monitoring, and evaluating the programs on which patients are receiving treatment. Some specialties of pharmacy work include geriatric pharmacy, psychiatric pharmacy, and nutrition support.

Educational Courses in Pharmacy

A Bachelor’s degree is required to practice as a Pharmacist. Most pharmacy courses begin with the study of basic sciences such as biology in the first couple years. Once this foundation is created, education courses move on to several areas of focus:

  • Pharmaceutical chemistry: the study of chemicals prepared and used as medicines, testing such aspects as the purity and strength of a substance
  • Pharmacology: understanding the effects different drugs have on the body, and how to take the most advantage of these effects
  • Pharmacy practice: a study of the processes that take place within a pharmacy, emphasizing the balance between science and technology. This application includes work in the laboratory, and highlights instilling a patient-oriented outlook in students
  • Clinical aspect: courses in the communication which students will have with their patients and awareness of their responsibility to monitor the drugs they will dispense.

Some pharmacists go on to own or manage their community’s pharmacy. This position entails hiring personnel and handling business matters, which is why many pharmacy curriculums include the study of business, including economics, accounting, and marketing. Management may also be valuable within this profession as many pharmacists have technicians assisting them in dispensing medication and must supervise their work.

Engineering Pharmacy Courses

Studying pharmacy with a focus on Engineering is a popular study abroad option, and there are a number of education programs available for interested students. Study within this course involves a more scientific exploration of pharmaceuticals, including innovative drug formulation and development.

Clinical Pharmacy Courses

The study of Clinical courses within pharmacy is an education focused on clinical work in a pharmacy. Programs often start with the study of basic sciences such as biology and chemistry followed by core clinical courses on biostatistics, internal medicine, and the basics of diagnosis.

There are a variety of study options available within the field of pharmacy:

  • Diploma in Pharmacy
  • Bachelor degree in Pharmacy
  • Master’s degree in Pharmacy
  • Doctorate/PhD in Pharmacy

Career in Pharmacy

The field of Pharmacy offers many excellent job opportunities, but the hours are often different from the routine office job, with many pharmacists working nights, weekends and holidays. They are often on their feet for most of the day, and work in clean, well-lit areas. The role pharmacists play in counseling patients and planning drug therapy programs is also growing as the dispensing of medications increases. Mail-order pharmacies are also becoming more common in certain countries, such as in the United States, making the process more efficient. Drugstores, grocery stores, and hospitals will have more and more pharmacists as well, creating a positive outlook for those who are job searching in the field of pharmacy.

USA

In the United States, a Bachelor of Science (BPharm) degree in Pharmacy will not be sufficient to become a licensed or registered pharmacist in any state. Any college graduate who has graduated on or prior to 2005 is grandfathered and can register, however new students after 2005 must complete the Doctor of Pharmacy program or PharmD.

In order to practice as a pharmacist, the person must be registered with the relevant statutory body, which governs the registration and practice of pharmacy within the territory of its jurisdiction. There is often a requirement for the pharmacy graduate to have completed a certain number of hours of experience in a pharmacy, under the supervision of a registered pharmacist. The statutory body will usually administer a written and oral examination to the prospective pharmacist prior to registration.

AUSTRALIA

In Australia, apart from the four-year BPharm course, there is the option of a postgraduate two-year Master of Pharmacy (M Pharm) course for those with under graduate science degree background.

Pharmacists are registered by Pharmacy Boards in individual states such as the Pharmacy Board of New South Wales. In Western Australia, pharmacists are registered by the Pharmaceutical Council of Western Australia. Individual states have differing requirements for pharmacy graduates for registration, but generally graduates are required to complete approximately one year of practice under the supervision of a registered pharmacist. In addition, graduates are required to complete an approved graduate training course for that state, for example the Pharmacist Graduate Training Course (PGTC) offered by the Pharmaceutical Society of Australia NSW Branch is required in New South Wales. On meeting these requirements, graduates are eligible to sit the registration examination which may involve both written and oral components.

NEWZEALAND

In New Zealand, as with other western nations, a four-year BPharm must be completed, followed by an internship at a pharmacy. Pharmacists are registered at the Pharmaceutical Society of New Zealand. The degree can be taken at University of Otago in Dunedin and University of Auckland in Auckland.

UNITED KINGDOM

In the United Kingdom, integration with the European Union has resulted in the BPharm and BSc courses being superseded by a four-year course for the qualification Master of Pharmacy (M Pharm). In Great Britain the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain is responsible for regulation of pharmacy affairs and in Northern Ireland it is the Pharmaceutical Society of Northern Ireland. Graduates must complete one year of practical training and pass a registration examination before they can be entered on the register of pharmacists, known as the register of pharmaceutical chemists.

Pharmacists registered in other countries can also register in the UK. Overseas pharmacists are required to undertake the Overseas Pharmacists Assessment Programme (OSPAP), a one-year intensive course focused on pharmacy practice in Great Britain. OSPAP authorization can be given by the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain and the course is undertaken either the University of Sunderland, Aston University or the University of Brighton. However, pharmacists that have obtained their qualifications and are registered in other countries of the European Economic Area can register with the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain without undergoing additional or pre-registration training.

The term pharmacist is protected in the United Kingdom. It can only be used by individuals that are registered with the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain.

Top high-paying countries for pharmacists

CANADA

Pharmacist average salary: $80,700

The median hourly rate for pharmacists in Canada is $33.74, but there is not much of a difference in salary for pharmacists with many or few years of experience, according to PayScale.

Most Canadian pharmacists move on to other jobs once they accrue more than 20 years of experience.

UNITED KINGDOM

Pharmacist average salary: £57,000 to £53,300

According to PayScale, pharmacists in the United Kingdom tend to make around $53,000, but the UK Office of National Statistics (ONS) estimated the average salary at around $57,000 in 2014.

UNITED STATES

Pharmacist average salary: $107,000 to $118,000

The average salary for pharmacists at around $107,000, US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data from May 2014 pegs it even higher at $118,470.

In contrast, the annual mean wage for all occupations in the United States is $47,230, according to BLS.

The US pharmacist salaries are most affected by geographic location, followed by specific kind of employer and years of experience.

SWITZERLAND

Pharmacist average salary: $83,600

The majority of pharmacists in Switzerland currently have 1 to 4 years of experience, while only 4% of pharmacists have 20 years or more experience, according to PayScale.

While Swiss pharmacists may not be paid as much as their US counterparts, Switzerland is often named the country with the highest quality of life based on indexes such as health care, safety, traffic, and pollution.

Numbeo ranked Switzerland as the country with the highest quality of life in 2015, followed by Denmark and Germany.

GERMANY

Pharmacist average salary: $44,800

Women in Germany make up 55% of the country’s pharmacist workforce, according to PayScale.

German pharmacists are only allowed to own up to 3 locations, so there are no large drugstore chains like there are in the United States.

Most pharmacies in Germany are closed during the evenings, Saturday afternoons, Sundays, and holidays.

Pharmacy Related Courses Available in CANADA

Course Duration Course Duration
QA/QC in the Pharmaceutical Industry 1 year Research Analyst 1 year
Quality Assurance –Manufacturing and Management - Jan Intake 1 year Biotechnology Technologist – Pharmaceutical 1 year
Pharmaceutical and food Science Technology 1 year Biotechnology – Industrial Microbiology 1 year
Pharmaceutical Manufacturing 1 year Organizational Quality Management 1 year
International Business Management (Internship) 1 year Retail Pharmacy Assistant 1 year
Project Management Program 1 year Healthcare Leadership 1 year
Health System Management 1 year Health Care Administration 1 year
Advance Healthcare Leadership 2 year Chemical Laboratory Technology- Pharmaceutical 2 - 3 year
Science Lab Technology 2 year Chemical Laboratory Technology 2 year
Chemical and Bio-science Technology 2 year Health Information Management 2 year
Pharmacy Technician 2 year Biological Sciences Technology – Laboratory & Research 2 year
Biotechnology Technologist (Research) 2 - 3 year Biological Sciences Technology - Environmental Sciences 2 year
Biological Sciences Technology - Renewable Resources 2 year Business management 2 - 3 year
Industrial Management 2 year Chemical Technology 2 year
Medical Laboratory Technician 2 year Medical Laboratory Science 3 year
Canadian Health care System 2 year Global Business Management 2 year
Advance Project Management & Strategic Leadership 2 year M.S. in Global Health & Human Services Administration 2 year

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